Major events in the history of polar research

The first International Polar Year in 1882/83 already had eleven participating nations with 700 researchers. Twelve Arctic and two Antarctic expeditions provided mainly geographical data about the polar regions. However, those ventures had little in common with today’s expeditions on modern ships and at well equipped research stations. At the time, the main requirements were curiosity and a strong spirit of adventure. Read more…

Compared to its predecessors, the International Polar Year 2007/08 is far more extensive. 50,000 scientists from more than 60 nations will be exploring the polar regions through 230 large-scale projects. Causes and effects of climate change, organisms of the deep sea, and atmospheric research to improve predictability of weather forecasting are only some examples of the variety of subjects investigated during the Polar Year. Read more…